Common Stories in Sierra Leone: What Part for Librarians?


Stories are as previous as language, as old as the earliest societies. A number of of the earliest tales even endure: all those informed in pictorial form on walls of cave in Lascaux, in France or in the Mpongweni Mountains in Lesotho. And some others have occur down to us in the world’s myths and folklore to which we now have accessibility on the printed age. Storytelling is more mature than printing, older than creating, and the to start with tales to be established down on paper, papyrus or parchment ended up not the perform of individuals authors but documents of the oral traditions of earlier hundreds of years. In Sierra Leone as it is in most African countries storytelling is an integral aspect of the country’s existence despite the fact that oral traditions have pretty largely yielded to the published phrase.

We understand as we live though we are children, youthful individuals and adults.
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Discovering is not confined to the classroom alone: it can choose place everywhere. Moral values and social norms, beliefs and codes have to be transmitted from technology to the next, irrespective of whether modified or not. Casual discovering settings are appropriate and may well be dominant even right now when far more formalized and distinct institutions have partly taken about.

Though Sierra Leoneans guard them selves from their earlier both educationists and librarians see a large amount in storytelling that could be applied as foundation to orient and establish the youthful in the faculty method. There are numerous indications that an immense richness of standard pedagogy in respect to the principles, contents, strategies and institutional preparations existed and however exist in Sierra Leone. Story tellers, their stories and tracks, proverbs and riddles are still significant property and topics for indigenous discovering and education and learning. Oral traditions do not only go the mores and requirements of a culture. They set out to reveal the environment and behaviour of the people in it. Oral traditions present accounts of how the planet started and these creation myths are component also of the Holy Guides of all the world’s very long-founded religions these types of as Christianity and Islam. Also described in allegorical conditions is all human conduct in which very good does not generally triumph around evil.

Stories which do not depend on literature in switch do not rely on literacy. They can access all of the local community and their interactive high quality is alone electricity, for it facilitates the capabilities of stories in social instruction, what Leeson (1985) named “passing on the country’s shared wisdom and values to the upcoming era.” Sadly there is a missing url in Sierra Leone as college going youngsters are properly acquainted with the tales of Good Britain, the United States of America, Canada and Italy to cite a few examples but know really tiny about their conventional stories.


Sierra Leone includes sixteen (sixteen) ethnic groups. The major of these is the Mende found in the Southern and Eastern Provinces. Following to them in amount is the Temne in the North. The third largest group is the Limba, also in the Northern Province, adopted by the Kono in the Japanese Province. There’s also the Koranko in the North as effectively as the Yalunka, Loko, Soso, Madingo and Fula. On the coastline, North and South are the Bullom and Sherbro followed by the substantially smaller sized groups of Krim, Vai and Gola, with the Kissi more inland in the Japanese Province. The Western Location, together with Freetown, is additional combined in population, but is fundamentally the dwelling of the Creole team. In all these ethnic teams storytelling is prevalent as component of their lifestyle.

Ogutu and Roscoe (1974) experienced this to say about storytelling in Africa: “The continent has its individual fiction traditions it has the tradition of storytelling, narrated orally… the medium by means of which Africa down the generations has bared its soul, taught its people and entertained alone” (pp. forty three-forty four).

Common tales in Sierra Leone are perceived as embodiment of the beliefs, customs, rituals and structures of modern society that need to be managed. Stories operate inside culture to insure conformity to the approved cultural norms of continuity from era to era by way of their role in education and the extent to which they mirror culture. Most classic storytellers claim to derive their artwork as a result of dreams, spirits, and apprenticeship to experienced storytellers some others declare to get the artwork immediately from God when some say they paid to get it. Storytellers possess the pursuing functions: